Thursday - April 20, 2023

Today's newsletter will take 4.20 minutes to read.

DRS UPDATE: 54.83%* (estimated percent of GME shares direct registered)

On tap this morning:

  • Wednesday recap

  • GameStop NFT update

  • Did you know?

  • Has HFT Ruined the Stock Market for the Rest of Us?

Good Morning! This is Mother Squeezer, the newsletter that delivers the ups and the downs and brings you updates and insights along with timely information about our favorite Activist Investor, Ryan Cohen, and our favorite stocks - GME and BBBY.

That volume yesterday... almost 963 million shares traded for BBBY!

Take a look at this chart showing all-time volume for BBBY to see how it stacks up:

That's 30 years of trading in one image. The magnitude of trading volume as of late has been...interesting, to say the least. One theory as to why the volume is so high is the high frequency trading (HFT) algorithms hard at work. They can be used to rapidly and repeatedly buy and sell for fractions of a cent, taking incremental losses at each trade, in order to drive a stock down. We're not sure if that's what is happening, but it sure makes sense.

When the price climbs aggressively like it did yesterday, that suggests the bad actors may be losing control.

After market trading yesterday gave the short sellers an opportunity to sink the price and try and regain control.

Seasoned BBBY investors have been here before and know this is a waiting game.

Bed Bath and Beyond

Wednesday Recap: BBBY traded between a low of $0.40 and a high of $0.56 before closing at $0.46. Trading volume was 962.56 million shares.

Cost to borrow: There were 6,800,000 shares available to borrow this morning and as of now, 100,000 remain. The cost to borrow has remained elevated at 15.1%.

Pre market: Bed Bath and Beyond is trading down $0.10 to $0.37 a decrease of 20.25% on over 20 million volume.

Max pain: The current max pain for BBBY has remained at $0.50.


Wednesday Recap: GME traded between a low of $20.96 and a high of $21.87 before closing at $21.31. Trading volume was 2.54 million shares.

Cost to borrow: There were 700,000 shares available earlier this morning. Currently there are 20,000 remaining. The cost to borrow has remained elevated at 11.2%.

Pre market: GameStop is trading down $0.27 to $21.04 a decrease of 1.27% on around 9 thousand volume.

Max pain: The current max pain for GME has remained at $22.50.

GameStopNFT tweeted:


Did you know?

High-frequency trading is blamed for the flash crash that occurred on May 6, 2010, when the major indices plummeted in a matter of minutes.

Has High Frequency Trading Ruined the Stock Market for the Rest of Us?

Written by Tim Parker

If you are an investor, high-frequency trading (HFT) is a part of your life even if you don't know it. You've likely purchased shares offered by a computer, or sold shares that were purchased and instantly sold by another computer. HFT is controversial. Traders disagree and studies contradict other studies. Regardless of the opinions, what is most important is how HFT affects your money.

What Is High-Frequency Trading (HFT)?

High-frequency trading (HFT) is a broader term for various trading strategies that involve buying and selling financial securities at extremely high speeds. Using algorithmic trading, computers can identify market patterns and utilize automated and pre-programmed instructions to execute buy and sell orders in a matter of milliseconds.

One strategy is to serve as a market maker, where the HFT firm provides liquidity on both the buy and sell sides. By purchasing at the bid price and selling at the ask price, high-frequency traders can make profits of a penny or less per share. This translates to big profits when multiplied over millions of shares.

Does High-Frequency Trading Hurt the Market?

Because most trading leaves a computerized paper trail, one would think it would be easy to look at the practices of high-frequency traders and answer this question. However, HFT companies are reluctant to divulge their trading activities, and the large amount of data involved makes it difficult to form a cohesive picture.

Critics of high-frequency trading point to the flash crash that occurred on May 6, 2010. The major indices mysteriously plummeted 5-6% in minutes, and just as inexplicably, quickly rebounded. Shares of individual companies were executed at prices more than 60% off their value just moments before. Some trades executed for a penny or $100,000—stub quote prices that were never intended to be filled.1

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a report blaming one very large trade in the S&P e-mini futures contract, which set off a cascading effect among high-frequency traders. As one algorithm sold rapidly, it triggered another, creating a financial snowball.1

Following the flash crash, the SEC developed new circuit breaker rules that would impose a trading pause when a stock moves up or down by 10% or more within a five-minute period.4 Many critics asked whether imposing tighter regulations on high-frequency traders made sense, especially since smaller, less visible flash crashes happen throughout the market with regularity.

Does High-Frequency Trading Hurt Retail Investors?

What is important to most of the investing public is how high-frequency trading affects the retail investor. This is the person whose retirement savings are in the market, or the person who invests in the market in order to gain better returns than the near non-existent interest that comes from a savings account. A 2014 study shed some light on this question.

Former economists for the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) studied HFT firms over a two-year period and found that revenue was concentrated among a handful of companies in a winner-takes-all market structure.2

Studying the S&P 500 e-mini contracts, the researchers found that high-frequency traders made an average profit of $1.92 for every contract traded with large institutional investors and an average of $3.49 when they traded with retail investors. The paper concluded that these profits were at the expense of other traders and this may cause traders to leave the futures market.2

The Bottom Line

Unchecked, the proliferation of high-frequency trading could risk creating the perception that the small investor cannot win. Governments have sought to rein in HFT firms, for example, by proposing a per-share trading tax. In 2012, Canada raised fees on market messages such as trades, order submissions, and cancellations, which disproportionately hit HFT firms because they send more messages than other traders.5

Despite fears over high-frequency trading, there is also evidence to suggest that HFT firms simply don't pose the threat they once did. Revenue and profits have dwindled, making it tougher for HFT firms to survive. Industrywide, annual revenue is estimated at $6.1 billion in 2021, down considerably from more than $22 billion in 2011.3.

Spread the Word

We love Ryan Cohen and think he's the greatest Activist Investor of our generation. We are passionate followers of his moves and words and would love for others to know more about this great leader. We feel strongly that life is all about learning who to follow. If you have someone that needs more RC in their life, share Mother Squeezer with them!

Some of our Favorite Resources

Why We Believe GameStop is the Greatest Upcoming Investment in Our Lifetime


Richard Newton

For errors, omissions or if you have something to share? Let us know!

Financial Disclaimer: None of this is meant to be financial advice. We love Ryan Cohen, RC Ventures, GameStop and Bed Bath and Beyond, and like learning and sharing these insights and commentary.

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